China is currently facing an exit wave of foreign technology companies. On Nov. 2, Yahoo Inc. said its services in China had been shut down since Nov. 1st. Users visiting the Engadget China site operated by Yahoo will see a pop-up explaining that the site will not publish any new content.
Microsoft said it would shut down LinkedIn in China, citing a “challenging operating environment” as Beijing tightens its control on tech companies.
According to senior vice president of engineering Mohak Shroff, the U.S.—based company will replace the career-oriented social network in China with an app dedicated to applying for jobs but without the connectivity feature network.
The Apple Daily, one of the latest independent media sources in Hong Kong, printed its final edition on June 24th. This newspaper also succumbed to pressure from the CCP.
The CCP has long blocked western social networks such as Facebook and Twitter in the Mainland.
So why are foreign companies leaving Mainland China in such mass?
The CCP, in its policies, has constantly put pressure on foreign technology companies.
- The CCP has a harsh policy for foreign companies
According to the WSJ, the CCP’s “Data Security And Personal Information Protection Laws” took effect as of Nov. 1st, requiring all organizations or individuals to minimize personal data collection when processing Chinese citizens’ data.
The new law also sets standards for how information is stored. If a company wishes to collect, use or share data, it needs to obtain user consent and spatial options to participate in data sharing.
If it wants to send users’ personal information abroad, the company needs to get consent from the user.
Violating the law can cost businesses heavily, with fines of up to 50 million yuan ($7.8 million) or 5% of annual revenue.
- The CCP requires foreign companies to provide people’s information
Foreign technology companies operating in China also face pressure from the regime.
In late September and early October, LinkedIn censored the profiles of some U.S. journalists in China to restrict the access of Chinese citizens to their articles.
The reason given by the CCP is that the reports by these journalists contain “prohibited content.” Profiles of scholars and researchers have also been blocked on the platform in China. Some U.S. lawmakers have criticized this move by LinkedIn.
According to Reuters, Yahoo Inc. has also been criticized for passing on information about Chinese dissidents to the CCP in 2007. This action resulted in the imprisonment of these Chinese dissidents.
A human rights advocacy group said that while just the identities of four individuals arrested as a result of Yahoo’s alleged actions have been made public, “it is suspected that hundreds of others were similarly affected.”
- The CCP requires foreign companies to transfer technology
European businesses say forced technology transfer is on the rise in China.
European businesses in China say they are forced to transfer technology to local companies. This has become increasingly common.
Such technology transfers continued despite the CCP’s assurances that they would be stopped. In 2019, according to an annual survey by the European Union Chamber of Commerce in China, 20% of the 585 survey respondents said they felt compelled to transfer technology to have viable market access, up from 10% in 2017.
The CCP rewards local companies that attract new international technology. Such a transfer has been seen as “a requirement of doing business in China.”
- The CCP established a “Firewall,” creating difficulties for Western companies
The CCP operates what is known as the “Great Firewall” that uses law and technology to enforce censorship.
Content and keywords deemed politically sensitive or inappropriate must be removed from the Internet. Companies must monitor their platforms, delete posts and make sensitive keywords unsearchable.
Western social networks such as Facebook and Twitter have long been blocked by the Great Firewall and are often inaccessible to mainland China.
Francis Lun, CEO of GEO Securities Limited in Hong Kong, said that China had established a very draconian policy towards Internet operators, asking them what to do and especially not to do what.
It is a fact, foreign technology companies that do not listen to the Chinese Government or make the Chinese Government worry will be obstructed. On the one hand, China tries to find ways to make it difficult for these foreign companies. On the other hand, Chinese companies create similar products, e.g., in China, Google is replaced by Baidu, Weixin replaces Twitter. In the end, Google had to choose to leave China, and Twitter was still banned.
Why is the CCP cracking down on Western media technology companies?
The CCP’s purpose in preventing the influence of Western media technology in China is to monopolize the information and propaganda apparatus, thereby poisoning the people in the country.
In 1951, Liu Shaoqi said in a frank talk that since the beginning of the Party’s establishment, the CCP’s propaganda machine, after “purging” Western media technology companies from the country, has played a significant role.
After the CCP took over the power, in just a few decades of its short history, it has placed its mark on the Chinese people’s thinking, language, and behavior patterns, forcing a “party culture” into people everywhere, in every aspect in China.
The formation of “Party Culture” is the result of China’s crammed propaganda. This type of cramming is coercive, comprehensive and radical, discreetly concealed, and constantly deformed.
The CCP considers cramming propaganda as its way of the Party’s life. Over the past few decades, the CCP has also developed a complex system of theories, methods, and sophisticated techniques. Stuffing information to deceive the Chinese people is only a tiny part of the CCP’s propaganda machine.
How has China carried out brainwashing of the Chinese population?
The CCP uses its proprietary propaganda machine to conduct brainwashing of the Chinese people.
Political campaigning and in the usual times
Regardless of the situation, China considers the control of the propaganda agencies (press, radio, television, etc.) of paramount importance.
Whether in different periods, Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, and Jiang Zemin did this directly or conveyed opinions to the press to publish articles and orientate the political campaign treat.
On Oct. 25th, 1999, Jiang Zemin, in an interview with French journalist Figaro, called Falun Gong the X cult [evil cult], the next day “The People” Daily newspaper” immediately published the article “Falun Gong is an evil cult” since then Jiang Zemin’s slander has transcended both the constitution and the law.
First, let’s see how the blockade of the Central Propaganda Department stifles the truth.
In June 2002, the Central Propaganda Department issued a ban on the media, listing a total of 35 “not allowed,” below are just a few:
“Not to arbitrarily report on tax reform in rural areas,” “for major epidemics, not to conduct amplification of news transmission,” “not to arbitrarily report on accident events big and serious,” “must not report on private business owners joining the Party,” “must not report and transmit events about lawsuits against Party Committees at all levels,” “must not report on about disparity between rich and poor is too large,” “do not report on existing problems of works that are considered to bring hope to the people,” “do not focus on making critical reports and representative,” “not to arbitrarily report on the fields of ethnicity, religion”, etc.
To strengthen control over the media, the news review and approval coordination team of the Central Propaganda Department monitors the operation direction of the leading media agencies at central and local levels and must periodically report to superiors.
From central to local levels, the Propaganda Department at all levels or the Information Department has hired many news reviewers in charge of monitoring and controlling “political issues” in media, video, and audio articles.
At the same time, the Central Propaganda Department is also doing its best to fabricate a different kind of “reality” by giving people a false sense of satisfaction and security to preserve the stability of the CCP.
False propaganda of Party Culture abounds such as peace, anti-corruption, patriotism, family economy, three representatives, learning, growth, achievement, improvement, historical landmark, advancedness, fast forward, great victory, etc. almost blinding people from the objective reality of China.
The following realities have all been blocked or inaccessible to the public: The tragic scene of unemployed workers and peasants entering the city, the urban dwellers being forcibly removed from their homes, having no home left, corruption, collusion between officials and merchants, police, and bandits fighting each other, severe ecological degradation, dizzying moral decline, continued human rights situation getting worse, etc.
Main propaganda apparatus
China’s tight ideological control means that mainstream media are often unable to spread genuine information. Under the domination of the Communist Party, mass media such as newspapers, radio, television, the Internet, of course, have become the loudspeakers of the Party and the tools for instilling Party Culture.
Firstly, the press, Mao Zedong said without avoiding: “It is to deprive the reactionaries of the right to speak, just so that the people have the right to speak.” Who are the people, who are the reactionaries? It just counts when Mao said.
“Mass public opinion”, “Partisan principle of news coverage”, “cultural work for political purposes”…under the direction of these slogans, all press, and publications are must become the mouthpiece for the CCP.
The CCP wants to fight the right-wing, the press will say: “The right side wants to rebel, we poor peasants and middle peasants do not respond.”
The CCP wants to “leap forward”, the press will say: “Achieving 150 tons per hectare production.”
The CCP wants to persecute Falun Gong, the press will say, “Follow science, oppose superstition.”
Although it is now said that in the “People’s Daily”—China’s mouthpiece—only the dates are true, the power of the media is enormous, in addition to the “voice of the Party”. In fact, there are basically no independent news sources, so people have to consider the large and small media channels controlled by China as reliable news sources.
Because in order to avoid people’s anger, China has now learned to be soft, with respect to the most influential newspapers, it does not forcefully stop publishing as before, but instead use people “can trust about politics” to the position of editor-in-chief, editor. The press is still called by its old name, but the soul is dead, and the people are still deceived.
In the 60s, when there was a famine, people were dying of hunger everywhere, even in some places, there was a tragedy of cannibals, but newspapers still competed to say that agriculture had achieved a high yield that people eat too much will not be good for health. In the spring of 2006, after a very strong sandstorm had passed, television was still saying that “the car wash industry has achieved a lot,” implying that sandstorms can stimulate economic growth.
In addition to press acquisition, the CCP also attaches great importance to emerging media. Radio, television, the Internet, these emerging media are all in the palm of the hand of the CCP.
According to the data published by the “China News Publication” in May 2003: In 2002, China had a total of 306 radio stations, 260 television stations, and 1,300 radio and television stations. The rate that radio can cover is 93.21%, the rate that television can cover is 94.54%.
According to the survey, nearly 90% of urban residents aged 15 to 64 years old watch TV every day. In terms of propaganda, cramming the Party Culture, it must be said that radio and television have started working far beyond newspapers and magazines, although they have not been able to completely replace them.
The “Early Spring Gala Dinner” that began in 1983 is a composite work that uses the form of art to instill China’s Party Culture. From songs, skits to the introduction of the host, the consulate organized for overseas students to welcome the new year, all of them are trying their best to confuse the concept of “Party” and “Country,” “Party” and “Ethnicity.”
In 2004, there were a total of 74,000 protests in mainland China. In Hanyuan, Sichuan province, peasant riots occurred on a large scale, causing bloodshed, traumatic events in the whole village that contracted AIDS, the upstream of the Yellow River was dried up, the water of the Huai River was seriously polluted. The mine collapses occurred consecutively, and natural disasters did not stop. Even in such circumstances, the program to welcome the spring of 2005 was dubbed the “Prosperity congress”.
Currently, there are too many websites on the Internet, which is very unfavorable for propaganda and cramming the Party’s culture, so the main strategy of the Chinese government towards the Internet is “blockade”, not allowing speech to be leaked by China. The forbidden community is handed down. The main methods of China’s control system include: blocking foreign websites, shutting down domestic websites, arresting website owners, filtering emails, arranging cyber police, spying on network members, etc.
The explosion of the world’s information network creates a false sense for many Chinese about “freedom of speech.” In fact, what people see is what China lets them see; what China doesn’t want people to see, they definitely can’t see. Lies can circulate freely, but the truth of the matter is covered up with great effort, this is the true situation of the Chinese information network.
- Common cramming tricks
In political terms, this type of government that exercises total control over society is known as the “authoritarian form of government.” An essential condition for maintaining this type of government is that there must be an environment of disinformation that favors that government.
The CCP is well versed in this path. Over the years, the CCP has created and maintained an environment of disinformation that has not been overlooked. In this situation, people are entirely separated from the real world, losing the reference system to judge true and false, good and evil. It can be said that the Chinese people under the domination of China all live in a virtual world.
To achieve its political goals, the CCP can also quickly create a fake information environment in a short time. Since July 20th, 1999, the CCP has launched a propaganda machine to slander and smear Falun Gong, within half a short year, slanderous reports and articles critical of Falun Gong. Publications on China’s domestic and foreign newspapers have reached more than 300,000 articles. Other propaganda media also turn on at full power, unless you cover your eyes and ears. Otherwise, you absolutely cannot escape China’s brainwashing propaganda through radio, television, stage, and class, school, conferences, wall newspapers, banners, etc.
Goebbels, the Nazi propaganda minister, had a quote: “A lie repeated a thousand times becomes the truth.” The CCP is a staunch follower of this saying.
Class struggle has to be preached from year to year, month to month, day today. The CCP’s lies, through thousands of repetitions, have become deeply ingrained notions in people’s minds, and Chinese people still think that these notions are self-made.
As long as you call the people of the People’s Republic of China a “militia element,” you will decide that you no longer sympathize with them; as long as you call China by the very familiar name “party,” you have recognized that this evil Party’s occupation of China is natural and legitimate.
After depriving the people of their voice, the CCP propagates itself as the representative of the majority of the people’s opinions, thereby controlling propaganda.
Under the CCP’s rule, there are also no neutral, objective experts who, even if they were, could not get in the way of the CCP’s media. The “theorists” and “scientists” only say what the Party wants to propagate.
The CCP also relies on many media channels to deliver low-level news, bury genuine news. A Western journalist who was once interviewed in China said that: Decades ago, people didn’t know about the people’s activist Wei Jingsheng because the CCP erased his name from all information sources.
China is consistently “anti-false publishing,” “not against pornography.” A glance at China’s “Web Portal” will reveal that it is rife with low-class pornography and tasteless social news.
According to statistics, 10% of websites that post pornographic pictures are blocked. If the website is against the Party, 60% are blocked; if discussing “Falun Gong,” 75% are blocked; websites that post “Nine Commentaries of the Communist Party” can be blocked up to over 90%.
After 1989, China began to deliberately manipulate and bribe intellectuals, civil servants, and the military. In addition to the salary increase, tacitly agreeing to this group of people some privileges and black income also gives them the right to know inside information and certain rights of speech, thereby winning their hearts and winning over their loyalty. That little bit of freedom is severely restricted in a small circle, with absolutely no access to the mass media. These people have the false impression that China is gradually loosening its control of speech, so happily defending China, China is also happy to let their excuses enter the mass media, leading the masses astray.
The problem is not just the media in China, it’s a global problem
In fact, not only dominating the domestic media, but the CCP also wants to become the global information tyrant.
On March 9th, the National Endowment for Democracy released a part of the report: “Beyond the Great Firewall: How China Became a Global Information Power.” The report’s author is Shanthi Kalathil, formerly with the U.S. Agency for International Development and the World Bank, and a former Wall Street Journal reporter based in Hong Kong, knowledgeable about online communication.
According to an analysis by Shanthi Kalathil, the Great Firewall of China, whether applied at home or abroad, the main goal is to protect the power of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). The Chinese government employs three main tricks:
First, take advantage of the international press. The Chinese government exerts influence and pressure on foreign media, annually spending large sums of money to spread the word abroad, called “constructive information” (mainstream). Only from 2009 to 2010, China’s expenditure to propagate abroad amount to 9 billion USD.
As Shanthi Kalathil points out, China Central Television has become one of the critical news agencies in many African countries. China even sends African students studying journalism to China University to study, learning according to the Chinese model.
Second, take advantage of the global Internet, the Chinese government promotes the concept of Internet sovereignty, Chinese people using the Internet must be controlled by the Great Firewall.
On the one hand, China has developed its huge Internet industry to become the world hegemon while at the same time exploiting Internet espionage to attack abroad. China also trains and transports Chinese science and technology companies abroad, such as the repository of documents used by many people worldwide provided by China Weixin, private account information. It is difficult for users to ensure safety.
Third, global cultural organization activities. On the one hand, China cooperates with Hollywood studios or buys movie companies to control movie content, using China’s huge movie market to influence Hollywood movie content. On the other hand are the organization of anniversaries, sports, cultural activities, and language schools (such as Confucius Institutes).
For example, the script for the 2012 film Red Dawn was originally written with the content that the Chinese Liberation Army invaded the U.S. After filming was completed, the film company revised and changed the Chinese element to North Korea. There are also films The Martian and Gravity that cast the Chinese government as “righteous, benevolent.” If the film has a negative image of the Chinese government, it cannot enter the Chinese market; even if the film has positive content for the U.S. military, it can also be excluded from the Chinese market.
To sum it up, the CCP now is not ancient China imbued with moral values 5000 years ago. The ancient Chinese people valued the truth and moral values of people. The current CCP is an entity with the characteristics of Fake – Evil – Duel. We hope you will not accept poisoning from this government.