On Wednesday, November 30, former Chinese leader Jiang Zemin died in Shanghai at age 96. His death was due to leukemia and multiple organ failures.

Russian president Vladimir Putin has sent a message of condolence to Xi Jinping over Jiang Zemin’s death, mentioning a land deal between two countries back in 2001. But according to Chinese language media Xin Tang Ren, analysts think that the letter shows that Jiang Zemin betrayed China by selling Chinese land to Russia through this deal.

In the message, Putin calls Jiang a “sincere friend” of Russia, who made an “invaluable contribution” to the Russia-China relationship. 

Putin praised Jiang for bringing the two countries’ relationship to the level of trust-based partnership and strategic interaction. 

In the statement, he specifically mentioned the Treaty of Good-Neighbourhood, Friendship and Co-operation that two men signed back in 2001. Putin said that the deal “laid the foundations for the qualitative development of the entire complex of bilateral ties.”

According to analysts, the 2001 deal, coupled with few others between China and Russia during Jiang reign, has given almost 1.6 millions square kilometers of land from China to Russia. This is an area equivalent to dozens of Taiwan islands. 

These deals span more than a decade and happen over a series of times. 

In 1991 and 1999, Jiang Zemin and former Russian President Yeltsin signed two border agreements. The deals recognized the deals signed between the Qing government – the last dynasty in Chinese history – and Russia. Through a series of contracts with different terms, 1.5 million square kilometers of Chinese land were sold to Russia. 

In July 2001, Jiang Zemin and Yeltsin split Heixiazi Island in half. Then Jiang Zemin gave up all of China’s claims to the eastern part of Heixiazi Island to Russia in this deal.

On July 16, 2001, Jiang Zemin and Vladimir Putin, who was president of Russia at the time, signed the “Treaty of Good-Neighbourhood, Friendship and Co-operation” in Moscow. This treaty recognized Russia’s right to China’s own territory.

Then in 2004, Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing and Russian Foreign Minister Sergey S. Lavrov signed a supplementary agreement in Beijing. About 164 square kilometers of Heixiazi Island were given to Russia this time. 

Next year, in 2005, China gave Russia 23 over its 50 square kilometers of Abagaitu Islet. Jiang Zemin also gave Russia the mouth of the Tumen River. This cut Northeast China off from the Sea of Japan through the mouth of the Tumen River.

Why did Jiang Zemin so avidly respond to Russia’s requests when selling off his country’s own land?

According to Chinese language media Xin Tang Ren, it’s because Jiang had been a spy for Russia’s Far East Bureau and had once been arrested by Russia.

Lu Jiaping, a Chinese historian, wrote an open letter in which he named Jiang Zemin and his biological father, Jiang Shijun, as two Chinese traitors. According to Lu Jiaping, Jiang Shijun was a Japanese and puppet traitor, while Jiang Zemin himself was a spy of the KGB intelligence and spy agency of the Soviet Union.

In March 1955, Jiang Zemin was sent to the Changchun No. 1 Automobile Factory in Moscow to study electromechanics. The Soviet intelligence agency found out that Jiang Zemin was the oldest son of the great traitor Jiang Guanqian (or Jiang Shijun). They used his dad’s past as a Japanese puppet traitor to scare him and send pornographic spies to attract him. Jiang conceded, and later joined the KGB. He gathered information about Chinese students in the Soviet Union and on mainland China.

In May 1991, Jiang Zemin visited the Soviet Union as the general secretary of the China Communist Party. At the Ligachev Automobile Factory, Jiang and the Soviet pornographic spy Krava ran into each other by chance. Jiang fell into the trap again. To cover up this scandal, Jiang was made to sign a secret traitorous deal with the Soviet Union.

Jiang Zemin did not just sell China land to Russia. He also sold South Asian territories and the rest of Mongolia. 

Jiang Zemin gave up all of the disputed land when he signed the border agreements with Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan.

In 1996, Jiang Zemin went to the Philippines and offered to end the dispute over the sovereignty of Nansha Islands as a footstep to jointly carry out economic development.

At the end of November 1996, Jiang Zemin went to India and signed a deal giving up 90,000 square kilometers of fertile land at the southern foot of the Himalayas to the southern country. 

On December 30, 1999, Jiang Zemin signed a land border treaty which gave Laoshan in Yunnan province and Fakashan in Guangxi province to Vietnam.

In December 2000, Jiang Zemin also signed an agreement to hand over Fushui Zhou Island to Vietnam.

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