On September 12, the human rights NGO Safeguard Defenders posted an investigation on Chinese overseas police stations. These stations, also known as “110 Overseas,” are now established across five continents.

110 Overseas is part of an anti-fraud program managed by the Fuzhou Public Security Bureau (PSB). It’s where overseas Chinese can access services such as document renewal or report cases to PSB officers in China.

According to the Safeguard Defenders’ report, there were 38 stations worldwide by June 21. The program had received over 2,000 calls from 88 countries or regions by June 14.

Overseas Police Stations use fake addresses

The human rights organization cited a Chinese news report, 52 , published in January. The outlet disclosed a list of contact numbers and addresses of the 30 first batch stations.

The stations’ list includes countries such as France, Spain, Canada, Brazil, the U.S., Japan, Nigeria, and Mongolia. London also has two stations. One of the addresses belongs to an estate agent, and the other remains unknown.

In Dublin, the location is a Chinese supermarket, while a Glasgow address is a Chinese restaurant.

An Epoch Times staff member confirmed that the Chinese police phone line was registered at the Glasgow restaurant but said it was “in name” only.

The Safeguard Defenders wrote that some abroad associations are tied to the United Front system overseen by the CCP’s foreign influence operations. Fujian Federation of Industry and Commerce and the Shiyi Hometown Association in Fuzhou are examples.

The Decode39, a newspaper in Italy, quoted Senator Urso’s alert, “Ostensibly an administrative office, it could be an extension of the actual Chinese police – and harbor intelligence-gathering operations.”

Former police admit not all targets of the anti-fraud campaign are guilty

China’s anti-fraud program was a massive nationwide campaign to hunt down overseas Chinese accused of telecommunications fraud. Chinese authorities claim that by July 2022, 230,000 nationals had been “persuaded to return” to face criminal proceedings in China. 

The mainland government also identified nine countries hosting Chinese people engaging in such activities as the “nine forbidden countries.”

However, background investigations of Safeguard Defenders show the campaign is mainly operated in western nations, not in the “nine forbidden countries.” 

According to Wang Bo (pseudonym), a Hunan police official working on telecom fraud. Wang told Southern Weekend an example is that although not all Chinese citizens staying in northern Myanmar were engaged in criminal activities, they would still be marked as targets for persuasion.

He admitted that the police held no evidence of crimes of some persuasion suspects.

According to Safeguard Defenders, innocent people and dissidents in China and overseas have long been targeted. 

The analysis stated that these operations by the Chinese authorities avoid official bilateral police and judicial cooperation.

It is a method to dodge violating international law and third countries’ territorial integrity by establishing a parallel policing mechanism using illegal methods.

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